Ampicillin is one of the most widely prescribed antibiotics. It is considered a penicillin and is a close relative of another penicillin, amoxicillin.
Ampicillin can penetrate and prevent the growth of certain types of bacteria, called gram-negative bacteria. It is used mainly to treat infections of the middle ear, sinuses, bladder, kidney, and uncomplicated gonorrhea, meningitis and other serious infections.
There are different ampicillin tablets: 250mg; 500mg. Oral suspension: 100 mg/mL; 125 mg/5mL; 250 mg/5mL.
Dosing Ampicillin: Food in the stomach reduces how much and how quickly ampicillin is absorbed. Administration should be either 1 hour prior to or 2 hours following a meal for maximal absorption. However, for persons who experience nausea or stomach distress after taking ampicillin, it may be taken with meals. Ampicillin most often is given four times a day for 7 to 14 days. When used to treat gonorrhea, it is given as a single large dose (for example, seven 500mg capsules).
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take only your next regularly scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose of this medication unless otherwise directed by your doctor.
- Tablets should be kept between 15°C (59°F) and 30°C (86°F). The solution should be kept refrigerated, and can be used for up to 14 days after it is reconstituted by the pharmacist. It must be shaken before each use and should be kept well sealed.
Posible Side Effects:
Allergic reactions are relatively common side effects during therapy with any of the penicillins. These reactions can range from rashes to anaphylaxis, a severe condition in which there may be shock and even death. Rashes occur more frequently with ampicillin than with the other penicillins. The incidence of rash with ampicillin seems to be higher in patients with viral illnesses, such as mononucleosis. Patients with a history of allergic reaction to any other penicillin should not receive ampicillin. Persons who are allergic to the cephalosporin class of antibiotics which is more distantly related to the penicillins may or may not be allergic to penicillins.
!!!All the time consult your doctor and keep the medicines away from children.